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glossary:x-ray_exam

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glossary:x-ray_exam [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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 +An X-ray examination uses electromagnetic radiation to make images of your bones, teeth and internal organs. Simply put, an [[X-ray]] allows your doctor to take pictures of the inside of your body. 
  
 +One of the oldest forms of medical imaging, an X-ray is a painless medical test that can help your doctor in diagnosis and treatment — even in emergency situations. It's a fast, easy and safe way for your doctor to view and assess conditions ranging from broken bones to pneumonia to [[cancer]]. Many different types of X-rays, such as bone or chest X-rays, exist. The type your doctor uses depends on what part of your body is being examined and for what purpose. ​
 +
 +Who is an X-ray for?
 +
 +X-rays are safe and effective for people of all ages, even young children. X-rays are particularly useful for examining the chest, bones, joints and abdomen. Your doctor may recommend an X-ray for many different reasons. For example, an X-ray exam may be used to: 
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 +  * Determine whether a bone is chipped, dislocated or broken (fractured)
 + 
 +  * Evaluate joint injuries and bone [[infection]]s
 + 
 +  * Diagnose and monitor the progression of degenerative conditions, such as arthritis and the bone-thinning [[disease]] osteoporosis
 + 
 +  * Screen for [[heart]] and [[lung]] diseases
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 +  * Find and treat [[artery]] blockages
 + 
 +  * Diagnose the cause of persistent coughing or chest pain
 + 
 +  * Check for broken ribs or a punctured lung
 + 
 +  * Evaluate abdominal pain
 + 
 +  * Locate objects that may have been accidentally swallowed by a child
 + 
 +  * Determine whether you have injured a bone or disk in your spine
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 +  * Detect scoliosis, an abnormal curvature of the spine, and other spinal defects
 + 
 +  * Evaluate infection of the sinuses (sinusitis)
 + 
 +  * Locate dental problems such as cavities, abscessed teeth, and other tooth and jaw abnormalities
 + 
 +X-ray exams also play an important role in the detection and diagnosis of cancer. In fact, one use of X-ray in diagnosing cancer is to see whether you have lung [[cancer]] or whether cancer from another part of the body has spread (metastasized) to your lungs. Cancer may appear lighter in color on an X-ray than does normal, healthy lung tissue. X-rays may also be used to examine cancers of the intestines, stomach, [[liver]], [[spleen]], [[kidney]]s and breasts. ​
 +
 +Source: Mayo Clinic
glossary/x-ray_exam.txt · Last modified: 2012/10/16 14:40 (external edit)