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glossary:trauma

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glossary:trauma [2008/04/30 20:49]
Pat O'Connor
glossary:trauma [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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 +====== Trauma: ======
 + A [[wound]] or injury. Any injury, whether physically or emotionally inflicted. "​Trauma"​ has both a medical and a psychiatric definition. Medically, "​trauma"​ refers to a serious or critical bodily injury, [[wound]], or shock. This definition is often associated with trauma medicine practiced in emergency rooms and represents a popular view of the term. In psychiatry, "​trauma"​ has assumed a different meaning and refers to an experience that is emotionally painful, distressful,​ or shocking, which often results in lasting mental and physical effects. ​
  
 +Traumatology is the branch of [[surgery]] which deals with trauma patients and their injuries. ​
 +
 +"​Trauma"​ is the Greek word for "a wound" (and for "​damage or defeat"​).
 +
 +**birth trauma** - 1. an injury to the infant during the process of being born.
 +2. the psychic shock produced in an infant by the experience of being born.
 +
 +**psychiatric trauma** -  An experience that is emotionally painful, distressful,​ or shocking and which may result in lasting mental and physical effects. ​
 +
 +Psychiatric trauma is essentially a normal response to an extreme event. It involves the creation of emotional memories about the distressful event that are stored in structures deep within the brain. In general, it is believed that the more direct the exposure to the traumatic event, the higher the risk for emotional harm. 
 +
 +In a school shooting, for example, the student who is injured probably will be most severely affected emotionally;​ and the student who sees a classmate shot, even killed, is likely to be more emotionally affected than the student who was in another part of the school when the violence occurred. But even second-hand exposure to violence can be traumatic. For this reason, all children and adolescents exposed to violence or a disaster, even if only through graphic media reports, should be watched for signs of psychiatric trauma. The same applies to adults.
 +
 +**psychic trauma** - a psychologically upsetting experience that produces a mental disorder or otherwise has lasting negative effects on a person'​s thoughts, feelings, or behavior.
 +
 +**self-inflicted trauma** - self-inflicted injury, usually to the [[skin]] caused by an animal'​s response to pruritus ([[pus]]). Depending on the species, this may be scratching, biting, rubbing or rolling
 +
 +**trauma cumulative** - //noun// medical condition developing in the peripheral and autonomic nervous systems and musculoskeletal system due to forceful, awkward, and repetitive bodily motions as well as exposure to cold temperatures,​ mechanical stress, and vibrations.
 +
 +**trauma injury in occlusal** - //noun// the damaging effects of occlusal trauma, which are of a dystrophic nature and affect the tooth and its periodontium. Lesions include wear facets on the tooth, root resorption, cemental tears, thrombosis of [[blood vessels]] of the periodontal [[membrane]],​ [[necrosis]] and hyalinization of the periodontal mem-brane on the pressure side, and resorption of alveolar and supporting bone. Clinically, tooth mobility and migration may be evident; radiographically,​ evidence includes the widening of the periodontal membrane space and fraying or fuzziness of the lamina dura and formation of infrabony resorptive defects. Pocket formation is not a sequela to occlusal traumatism.
 +
 +**trauma occlusal** - //noun// abnormal occlusal relationships of the teeth, causing injury to the periodontium.
 +
 +**trauma score** - a numerical assessment of injuries suffered as a result of trauma. Several systems are used, including the Glasgow Coma Scale and the Revised Trauma Score.
glossary/trauma.txt ยท Last modified: 2012/10/16 14:40 (external edit)