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glossary:surgery

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glossary:surgery [2007/09/02 00:09]
Pat O'Connor created
glossary:surgery [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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 +The word "​surgery"​ has multiple meanings. It is the branch of medicine concerned with [[disease]]s and conditions which require or are amenable to operative procedures. Surgery is the work done by a [[surgeon]]. By analogy, the work of an editor wielding his pen as a scalpel is s form of surgery. A surgery in England (and some other countries) is a physician'​s or dentist'​s office. ​
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 +To define "​surgery"​ merely as "an operation"​ (as one dictionary does) is rather radical surgery. An earlier entry to "​surgery"​ in this dictionary was similarly mechanistic:​ "​Surgery can involve cutting, abrading, suturing, laser or otherwise physically changing body [[tissue]]s and organs." ​
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 +The word "​surgery"​ took a path so tortuous as to conceal its origins. It began with the Greek "​cheirourgia"​ which combined "​cheir"​ (the hand) and "​ergon"​ (work) and meant "​handwork,​ work done with the hands."​ The Greek "​cheirourgia"​ was taken over by the Romans as "​chirurgia"​ and was further transformed in France about in 1171 to "​cirurgie."​ (In French, surgery is now "​chirurgerie."​) By 1387 Chaucer could write in The Canterbury Tales:
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 +With us ther was a doctour of phisik;
 +In al this world ne was the noon hym lik,
 +To speke of phisik and of surgerye.
 +
  
glossary/surgery.txt ยท Last modified: 2012/10/16 14:40 (external edit)