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glossary:sarcoidosis

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glossary:sarcoidosis [2008/04/12 14:33]
Pat O'Connor
glossary:sarcoidosis [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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 +A disease of unknown origin that causes small lumps (granulomas) due to chronic [[inflammation]] to develop in a great range of body [[tissue]]s. Sarcoidosis can appear in almost any body organ, but most often starts in the [[lung]]s or [[:|lymph nodes]]. It also affects the eyes, [[liver]] and [[skin]]; and less often the [[spleen]], bones, joints, skeletal muscles, heart and central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). ​
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 +In the majority of cases, the granulomas clear up with or without treatment. In cases where the granulomas do not heal and disappear, the [[tissue]]s tend to remain inflamed and become scarred ([[http://​www.lymphedemapeople.com/​thesite/​lymphedema_fibrosis.htm|fibrotic]]). ​
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 +Sarcoidosis was first identified over 100 years ago by two dermatologists working independently,​ Dr. Jonathan Hutchinson in England and Dr. Caesar Boeck in Norway. Sarcoidosis was originally called Hutchinson [[disease]] or Boeck [[disease]]. Dr. Boeck went on to fashion today'​s name for the disease from the Greek words "​sark"​ and "​oid,"​ meaning flesh-like. The term describes the [[skin]] eruptions that are frequently caused by the illness. ​
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 +Sarcoidosis occurs most commonly in young adults (20-40 years of age). It is particularly frequent in African-Americans,​ one in 40 of whom develop sarcoidosis during their lifetime. It is also concentrated in Northern Europeans (Swedes, Norwegians, etc.). ​
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 +Common Misspellings:​ sarcodosis, sarcadosis ​
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glossary/sarcoidosis.txt ยท Last modified: 2012/10/16 14:40 (external edit)