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glossary:proteins

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glossary:proteins [2008/04/30 13:59]
Pat O'Connor created
glossary:proteins [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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 +Large [[molecule]]s composed of one or more chains of [[amino acids]] in a specific order determined by the base sequence of nucleotides in the [[DNA]] coding for the [[protein]]. ​
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 +Proteins are required for the structure, function, and regulation of the body's [[cell]]s, [[tissue]]s,​ and organs. Each protein has unique functions. Proteins are essential components of muscles, [[skin]], bones and the body as a whole. ​
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 +Examples of proteins include whole classes of important [[molecule]]s,​ among them [[enzyme]]s,​ [[hormone]]s,​ and antibodies. ​
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 +Proteins are one of the three types of [[nutrient]]s used as energy sources by the body, the other two being [[carbohydrate]] and fat. Proteins and carbohydrates each provide 4 calories of energy per gram, while fats produce 9 calories per gram.
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glossary/proteins.txt ยท Last modified: 2012/10/16 14:40 (external edit)