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glossary:pneumothorax

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glossary:pneumothorax [2008/04/12 16:09]
Pat O'Connor created
glossary:pneumothorax [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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 +A pneumothorax is a collection of free air in the chest outside the [[lung]] that causes the lung to collapse, or simply pneumothorax is used to refer to a collapsed lung.
  
 +Pneumothorax can occur spontaneously ("out of the blue", with or without underlying [[lung]] [[disease]]),​ follow a fractured rib, occur in the wake of chest [[surgery]],​ or be deliberately induced in order to collapse the lung. Smoking has been shown to increase the risk for spontaneous pneumothorax. ​
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 +A small pneumothorax without underlying lung [[disease]] may resolve on its own. A larger pneumothorax and a pneumothorax associated with underlying lung disease often require aspiration of the free air and/or placement of a chest tube to evacuate the air. Possible complications of chest tube insertion include pain, [[infection]] of the space between the lung and chest wall (the pleural space), hemorrhage (bleeding), fluid accumulation in the lung, and low [[blood pressure]] (hypotension).
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 +See also: [[http://​www.lymphedemapeople.com/​thesite/​lymphedema_pleural_effusions.htm|Pleural Effusion]] - [[http://​www.lymphedemapeople.com/​thesite/​lymphedema_pulmonary_lymphangiectasia.htm|Pulmonary Lymphangiectasia]]
glossary/pneumothorax.txt ยท Last modified: 2012/10/16 14:40 (external edit)