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glossary:ketoacidosis [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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|+||A feature of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus characterized by a combination of [[ketosis]] and acidosis. Ketosis is the accumulation of substances called ketone bodies in the [[blood]]. Acidosis is increased acidity of the blood. |
|+||Symptoms of ketoacidosis include slow, deep breathing with a fruity odor to the breath; confusion; frequent urination (polyuria); poor appetite; and eventually loss of consciousness. |
|+||The treatment of ketoacidosis is a matter of urgency and is usually done in a hospital. It may require the administration of intravenous fluids, [[insulin]], and [[glucose]], and the institution of changes in the person's diet.|
|+||**Diabetic ketoacidosis**: High blood glucose with the presence of ketones in the urine and [[bloodstream]], often caused by taking too little insulin or during illness. See: Ketoacidosis.|