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glossary:glomerulus [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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|+||Glomerulus: 1.In the [[kidney]], a tiny ball-shaped structure composed of [[capillary]] [[blood vessels]] actively involved in the filtration of the [[blood]] to form urine. The glomerulus is one of the key structures that make up the nephron, the functional unit of the kidney.|
|+||2. In the olfactory bulb, an anatomically discrete module receiving input from an olfactory sensory neuron. |
|+||The glomerulus in the kidney was so named by the Italian anatomist Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694). The structure was once called a malphigian corpuscle. "Glomerulus" is the diminutive of the Latin "glomus" meaning "ball of yarn." It is literally a "little ball of yarn." Plural: glomeruli.|
|+||See also: [[glomeruli]]|