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glossary:arteriosclerosis [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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|+||(1) Arteriosclerosis: Hardening and thickening of the walls of the [[arteries]]. Arteriosclerosis can occur because of fatty deposits on the inner lining of arteries (atherosclerosis), calcification of the wall of the [[arteries]], or thickening of the muscular wall of the arteries from chronically elevated [[blood pressure]] ([[hypertension]]).|
|+||Common Misspellings: artheriosclerosis|
|+||(2) //noun// a degenerative [[disease]] principally affecting the [[aorta]] and its major branches, the coronary [[artery]], and the larger cerebral arteries. The arterial changes include narrowing of the [[lumen]] of the vessels; weakening of the arterioles, leading to rupture; an increased tendency toward development of atheromatous plaques; and thrombi. Atherosclerosis is a common cause of myocardial infarctions and cerebrovascular accident. |