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glossary:amino_acids

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glossary:amino_acids [2007/08/29 23:42]
Pat O'Connor created
glossary:amino_acids [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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 +One of the 20 building blocks of protein. The sequence of amino acids in a [[protein]] and, hence, the function of that protein are determined by the genetic code in the [[DNA]]. ​
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 +Amino acids are molecules that (in technical terms) contain a basic amino (NH2) group, an acidic carboxyl (COOH) group and a side chain attached to an alpha carbon atom. 
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 +The 20 amino acids are alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, glycine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine,​ proline, serine, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine, and valine. ​
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 +The term "amino acids" dates to the middle of the 19th century. The idea that amino acids are "​Bausteine"​ (building stones) came from the Nobel Prize winning German biochemist Albrecht Kossel (1853-1927).
  
glossary/amino_acids.txt ยท Last modified: 2012/10/16 14:40 (external edit)